The Italian National Research Council (CNR) is the largest public research institution in Italy.
Founded as legal person on 18 November 1923, CNR’s mission is to perform research in its own Institutes, to promote innovation and competitiveness of the national industrial system, to promote the internationalization of the national research system, to provide technologies and solutions to emerging public and private needs, to advice Government and other public bodies, and to contribute to the qualification of human resources. In CNR there are more than 8.000 employees, of whom more than half are researchers and technologists. In Lombardy Region 11 institutes are actively involved in LE2C: ISTM - Institute of Molecular Science and Technology; ISMAC - Institute for Macromolecular Studies; IFP - Institute for Plasma Physics “P. Caldirola”; ICMATE - - Institute of Condensed Matter Chemistry and Technologies for Energy; IFN - Institute for Photonics and Nanotechnologies; IBF - Institute of Biophyisics; IMATI - Institute of Applied Mathematics and Information Technology "Enrico Magenes"; IRSA - Institute of Water Research; ITC - Institute for Buildings Technology; IRCRES - Institute of Research on Sustainable Economic Growth; IMM - Institute for Microelectronics and Microsystems. The 11 institutes are active in researches on Power generation, Conventional, Nuclear and Renewable Energies, Water Purification and Management, Energy Efficiency, Sustainable Building, Socio-economic analysis of environmental issues, ICT.